Who was the first woman to lead a major Western democracy?
Margaret Thatcher, the first woman to become the head of a major Western nation, and a leader in ushering in a conservative political philosophy, reshaped much of Britain’s foreign, social and economic policies during the Cold War era. Although Thatcher’s first interest was chemistry, her passion for politics eventually won out when she was elected president of the student Conservative Association at Oxford.
Who was the first woman to nearly win a major political party’s nomination?
Hillary Clinton, the first woman to almost win the Democratic nomination for the presidency, was a former US Senator from New York and First Lady. As a sign of things to come, The National Law Journal named Clinton, a graduate of Wellesley College and Yale Law School, one of the most powerful lawyers in America.
Who was the first woman to be named to a presidential ticket?
Geraldine Ferraro, the first woman to become a vice-presidential candidate, was Walter Mondale’s running mate in the 1984 Presidential election. She was also the first woman elected to represent New York’s ninth congressional district in Queens. Ferraro grew up in the South Bronx, graduated from Marymount College with a B.A. in English and received a J.D. from Fordham Law School. At Fordham, she was one of two women to garner a law degree.
Who is the first African American First Lady?
Michelle Obama, the nation’s first African American First Lady, admits she never imagined becoming First Lady. Growing up on the South-Side of Chicago, Obama came from a modest blue collar working family. At a young age her mother believed Obama “raised herself from about nine years old. She had her head on straight very early.”
Who was one of the first basketball players to be a part of the Women’s NBA?
Lisa Leslie, one of the founding players of the WNBA, has helped to popularize the sport of basketball for women. Leslie joined the WNBA in 1996 after winning an Olympic gold medal at the 1996 Olympics. Even though her height became an invaluable asset as an athlete, Leslie faced criticism from her peers for standing out like a tall blade of grass in elementary school.
Who is one of the best Native American writers during the latter half of the 20th Century?
Leslie Silko, one of the great writers to come out of the Native American literary revival of the 1970s, is known for writing about the relationship between Native American culture and western culture. Much of her work focuses on the moral, spiritual and emotional well being of the indigenous people and their adjustments to and from western society. Silko is of Laguna Pueblo, Plains Indian, Mexican and Anglo-American descent and was born on the Laguna Pueblo reservation in northern New Mexico.
Who was the first woman to be elected to both chambers of Congress?
Margaret Chase Smith, the first woman to be elected to both the House and the Senate, was also the first woman to be elected to the Senate. As a congresswoman from Maine, Smith became involved in military issues and almost garnered permanent status for women in the military. As a senator, Smith gained notoriety from her senate floor speech, “Declaration of Conscience”. Smith’s dedication and unwavering opposition to Senator McCarthy’s anticommunist streak catapulted her into the nation’s spotlight.
Who is one of the leading modern day feminist scholars?
Catharine Mackinnon, a lawyer, professor and feminist activist, has been a tireless advocate for sex equality. Mackinnon received a B.A. from Smith College, a J.D. from Yale Law School and a Ph.D. in political science from Yale. She is most notably known for engineering the legal concept that sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination. In tandem with that, Mackinnon wrote ordinances claiming pornography is a civil rights violation.
Who was the first African American woman to become the chief of the Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health Office at NASA?
Irene Long, one of the highest ranked women at NASA, is in charge of the safety and well being of the workers before, during and after a space shuttle launch. Long had aspired to work in aerospace medicine as a young child and went on to pursue a baccalaureate degree in biology at Northwestern University, attend the St. Louis School of Medicine and receive a master’s degree in aerospace medicine from Wright State University.
Who was the first fully accredited female doctor?
Elizabeth Blackwell, the first fully accredited female doctor, defied societal expectations of women when she decided to pursue a medical degree in the 1840’s. The idea that women should receive a medical education was radical as Noah Webster suggests women should be “correct in their manners, respectable in their families and agreeable in society”, in addition to that “education is always wrong which raises a woman above the duties of her station.”